Pigmentation refers to your skin’s colouring that gets its colour from a pigment known as melanin. When the cells (melanocytes) involved in making melanin is damaged or unhealthy, it ultimately affects the production of melanin in your body.
This skin disorder isn’t life-threatening but may affect the colour of your skin and indicate a different medical condition. It can occur in small patches, cover large areas on your body or affect your entire body.
There are several causes to skin pigmentation & age spots with the common cause being excess production of melanin. Too much melanin results in dark skin while low production of melanin results in fair skin.
Certain medications like insulin and chemotherapy drugs may also cause pigmentation as a side effect. Additionally, pregnancy affects the female’s hormone levels and thus, affecting the melanin production in some women.
A rare endocrine disease known as Addison’s disease may also cause pigmentation on some areas of the skin, lips and gums as well as in the creases of the palms, scars or on pressure points like the knuckles or knees. Prolonged exposure to the sun can also cause an increase in melanin in the skin.
There are different types of pigmentation with the common ones being sunspots, melasma, freckles, and Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH).
Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH) – This type of pigmentation is often the result of injury or inflammation to the skin such as acne, burns, friction or aggressive clinical treatments. It’s treatable over time.
Pigmentation issues can be treated with either lightening creams or lasers, depending on the severity of the pigmentation and skin type.
In most cases, lasers produce quicker and more effective results in pigmentation treatment.
Here’s how we treat pigmentation with Pico laser.
Commonly used for tattoo removal, Pico laser Malaysia utilises a unique wavelength of light to deliver short pulses of energy and converts it into gentle pressure waves in the skin.
Once the skin absorbs the energy, the pressure waves will shatter the pigments into tiny particles.
This triggers the natural healing process and induces the production of collagen and elastin without damaging the surrounding skin tissues.
That way, you can have a bright-looking skin in no time.
An effective laser treatment for pigmentation would depend on these 3 major factors below:
1) quality of the laser machine
2) the Professionalism of the operator of the laser
3) the proper post laser care planned by the doctor
However, there’s a downside to laser pigmentation removal treatment as it requires a period of skin recovery post-treatment. Unlike the HIFU treatment that have no downtime or minimal downtime.
This means you’ll need to avoid excessive sun exposure to prevent recurring pigmentation.
Additionally, not every skin condition can be treated with Pico laser.
Take Melasma as an example. Instead of brightening your skin, it may darken the pigmentation and cause more pigmentation to appear.
This is because an experienced doctor needs to be familiarise with the pico second laser to be able to operate it to its maximum potential to deliver the best results.
A Professional doctor is needed to manage any post laser complication to minimise the side effect.
For your information , since 2013, ministry of health has enforce an Act to allow ONLY clinic with special interest in aesthetic and doctor with license of credentialing and privileging (LCP) to perform laser treatment for patients.
Nonetheless, treating skin pigmentation with Pico laser is a safe method, given that it’s non-invasive and administered by a skin specialist clinic like Dr Ginny Clinic.
As Malaysia is located in a tropical region, it’s no surprise that Malaysians can easily develop uneven skin tone or pigmentation due to prolonged exposure to the sun.
If you’re looking for an effective treatment plan for your pigmentation problems, be sure to check on the safety and professionalism of a laser clinic.