Pigment - Causes and Treatments

Pigmentary problem can be generally divided into epidermal and dermal pigment.

a) Epidermal pigment: freckles, cafe au lait, solar lentigo, epidermal melasma
b) Dermal pigment: Hori’s nevus, Nevus of Ota, dermal melasma,

Causes of pigment can be divided into external and internal factor.

i) External factors: Sunlight, Dry skin, Improper skin care with AHA, BHA and other acid or chemical content
ii) Internal Factors: Pregnancy, Teenager growth spur, menopause, oral contraceptive pills, stress, inadequate sleep


1. Lifestyle modification: Reduce stress, advocate adequate and regular sleep hour

2. Proper skin care with sunblock SPF 50++, adequate moisturiser and avoid skin care with acid and chemical content

3. Cosmetic camouflage (try to use mineral make up without any chemical)

4. Skin treatments a. DrGinny Signature Radiance Smooth Laser
b. DrGinny Whitening Peel
c. Photodynamic skin lightening
d. Aqua Peel
e. Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) injection
f. Rejuran Polynucleotide injection

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